1. Choose the word that expresses the meaning opposite to the word “INFORMED”.
2. Choose the word that expresses the most similar meaning to the word “DETACHED”.
3. Choose the word most similar to “REDUCTION”..
4. Choose the word opposite to “INDUCE”.
5. Which of the following options has a meaning which is SYNONYM to the word ‘fostering’?
S1. Ans. (c)
Sol. “Informed” means “having or showing knowledge of a subject or situation” and “ignorant” means “lacking knowledge or awareness in general; uneducated or unsophisticated”. Since they are opposite to each other; option (c) is the most suitable answer choice.
Perturbation: anxiety; mental uneasiness.
Sussed: shrewd and well informed.
Presentiment: an intuitive feeling about the future, especially one of foreboding.
Foreboding: a feeling that something bad will happen; fearful apprehension.
S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. “Detached” means “separate or disconnected” and “severed” means “divide by cutting or slicing, especially suddenly and forcibly”. Since they are synonymous with each other; option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.
Fasten: close or do up securely.
Knotty: extremely difficult or complex
Labyrinth: a complicated irregular network of passages or paths in which it is difficult to find one’s way; a maze
Tack: a small, sharp broad-headed nail.
S3. Ans. (b)
Sol. Here, “Reduction” means “the action or fact of making something smaller or less in amount, degree, or size” and “diminution” means “a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.” Since they both are synonymous with each other, option (b) is the most suitable answer choice.
dilatation: the action of dilating a vessel or opening or the process of becoming dilated.
boosterism: the keen promotion of a person, organization, or cause.
enlargement: the action or state of enlarging or being enlarged.
addendum: an item of additional material added at the end of a book or other publication.
S4. Ans. (d)
Sol. “Induce” means “succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something” and “Intercept” means “obstruct (someone or something) so as to prevent them from continuing to a destination.” Since, they are opposite to each other, option (d) is the most suitable answer choice.
persuade: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.
coax: gently and persistently persuade (someone) to do something.
entice: attract or tempt by offering pleasure or advantage.
attract: evoke (a specified reaction).
S5. Ans. (d)
Sol. fostering [foster, verb] means ‘encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable);
asserting [assert, verb] means ‘state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully’;
focusing [focus, verb] means ‘adapt to the prevailing level of light and become able to see clearly’;
collaborating [collaborate, verb] means ‘work jointly on an activity or project’;
encouraging [encourage, verb] means ‘give support, confidence, or hope to (someone)’;
admitting [admit, verb] means ‘confess to be true or to be the case’;
From above, it could be understood that the word ‘encourage’ has the meaning which is SIMILAR to the meaning of the work ‘foster’.
Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.